Friday, August 21, 2020

Home Depot company - Case Analysis and report Study

Home Depot organization - Analysis and report - Case Study Example The other outside chiefs incorporate Mark Vadon, Brown J, Albert Carey, Duane Ackeman, Armando Codina, Gregory Brenneman, Helena F and Bonnie Hill. The barricade is made of two females and eight guys. The normal long stretches of the BOD of the organization is 58.3 years with ages going from 43years to 71years?The ethnicity of the BOD is assorted with one Hispaniac who is Mr. Codina, One dark, Ms Hill and Bousbib from France. The remainder of the board individuals are Americans. The board individuals are profoundly qualified and every one of them have had the mastery and experience of working in different organizations in the top administration level. The organizations they have worked in incorporate; facebook, PepsiCo, UPS and the General Electric. A portion of the individuals from the BOD have their own organizations that they are running and are skillful enough to work in Home Depot. The training levels of the individuals are high with the least being a master’s level. The majority of the board individuals have achieved a Bachelors and bosses in business and financial matters. A couple of individuals have Doctorates in business and one who is Ackerman having an unhitched males degree in material science. The colleges that the board individuals have gone to for their degrees, Master’s and Doctorate are profoundly perceived on the planet for quality instruction, for example, Harvard University. The board has been engaged with significant dynamic in the organization and they are the ones who give headings on how the organization ought to be run. For instance, in 2012, they settled on a choice of gaining the Home Systems utilized in the US. Taking a gander at the pay that the board individuals get, the rates concede for every part. Those board individuals who are utilized in the organization are repaid uniquely in contrast to the individuals who are not utilized by the organization. The pay is paid off in two structures which incorporate offers and money installment. In the year 2012, each nonemployee of the board got $280,000. $250,000

Tuesday, July 14, 2020

A Four-Course Meals Worth of Food Books

A Four-Course Meals Worth of Food Books It was seven years ago that I convinced a regional magazine to give me actual money to write an article about wine in New Jersey. At the time, I knew nothing about wine, and I had a garbage palate. But I certainly enjoyed drinking wine, and I thought it could be fun to write about the types of places at which you could enjoy a tasting, even if there were no vineyards nearby. The editor I pitched took this small-scale idea and instead charged me with writing up the ULTIMATE NEW JERSEY WINE TOUR. My mission: visit every vineyard in New Jersey, plus the best wine shops, wine bars, and restaurant wine cellars. Gulp. Okay. What followed were several months worth of day trips, long weekends away, and even several weeks during which my husband and I made wine with a group of complete strangers. My palate evolved. My wine collection grew.  On one day, we even hit up seven wineries (the seventh of which stopped serving us because my husband was sooo drunk). Good times, you guys. Good times. I was fondly remembering all of this the other night as I tore my way through Bianca Boskers recently-published  Cork Dork. A witty and entertaining piece of immersion journalism that takes readers through the world of sommeliers, wine snobs, and smell-obsessed scientists, it was more fun than Id had with a book in at least a month. I myself hadnt done any food writing since that single wine article seven years go. But I certainly loved  reading  about food. In fact, as I was reminiscing, it occurred to me that Ive read so much food journalism, and so many culinary memoirs, that I could probably put together a list containing a whole meals worth of food books. So I did. Soup/Salad I dont eat a lot of leafy greens, as Id rather be licking the bowl while baking Nutella pound cake or applesauce cake with salted caramel frosting, but Barbara Kingsolvers  Animal Vegetable Miracleâ€"her homage to the locavore movementâ€"made me  almost  want to eat healthier. Ive read the book three times now and, well, I sometimes think of making my own cheese or finding the time to bake bread from scratch. But lets be real here. If given the choice between soup and salad, Ill usually choose the soup. Which is why Im eyeing Yemisi Aribisalas forthcoming  Longthroat Memoirs,  which contains essays on Nigerian food (and Nigerian life), including one on the cultural history of soup. Appetizers I tried to find a book that was all about clams oreganata, which is my favorite food of all time but, apparently, no one has written it yet. Perhaps its time for me to reconnect with that editor In the meantime, may I recommend Michael Paternitis  The Telling Room  (a tale of love, betrayal, revenge, and the worlds greatest piece of cheese) and Kristin Jacksons  Its Not You, Its Brie  (a tale of love, tradition, technique, and the worlds greatest cheese pun). Cheese: the universally adored appetizer! Main Course The other year, I read Dana Goodyears  Anything That Moves,  a fascinating look at food culture that highlighted the trend toward extreme ingredients. The book was highly entertaining and, if you enjoy food journalism, you should definitely pick it up. But lets be real. When it comes to main courses, I will always fall back on my old standby: Italian food. Was it the allure of running away to Europe that made me love Frances Mayess  Under the Tuscan Sun  so damn much? No! Well, yes it was. But part of the allure also came from the array of fantastic meals she described throughout her memoir. And speaking of Italian food, I was charmed by Michelle Maistos  The Gastronomy of Marriage,  a memoir in which she uses food as a vehicle to explore the dynamic that exists between partners from different cultures and upbringings. Dessert Oh look! Its my favorite course! (Just kidding. Every course is my favorite course.) Because I love baking, I first have to mention  Aimee Benders The Particular Sadness of Lemon Cake, even thoughâ€"within the context of the bookâ€"the aforementioned cake tastes likewellsadness. Despite the role food plays in this playful novel, that cover always makes me so  hungry. Deeper than my love of baked goods, however, is my love of candy. Of the pure sugar variety.  Candy buttons. Lucky Charms marshmallows.  Cotton candy. You get the picture. While Steve Almond seems to prefer chocolate, Im still quite fond of his book  Candyfreak,  for which he traveled to a number of candy-making factories. And paired with dessert (and breakfast, and all of life, for that matter), we must of course have coffee. For that, I present to you  Ryoko Iwatas Coffee Gives Me Superpowers: An Illustrated Book about the Most Awesome Beverage on Earth.  It sports a cover that makes my toddler say Look at all the pretty stars, and that makes me say, Look at all the pretty coffee. Compliments to the Chef I would feel remiss if I didnt give a nod to the ridiculous number of chef memoirs Ive read. My favorite?  Marcus Samuelssons  Yes, Chef, an  account of a chef who spent  years feeling like an outsider, but who established an identity for himself as someone who was skilled at creating and melding flavors that transcended cultural boundaries. Sign up for True Story to receive nonfiction news, new releases, and must-read forthcoming titles. Thank you for signing up! Keep an eye on your inbox.

Thursday, May 21, 2020

Annotated Bibliography On Rsa Cryptography - 1900 Words

Introduction RSA cryptography is vastly used to encrypt and decrypt message while communicating through internet and in the field of digital signature. This encryption system is used regularly in web browsers, chat applications email, vpn and any other types of communications that require securely sending data to severs or the other people.[8] RSA cryptography is an asymmetrical cryptography system. Because it have two keys. One is public another is private. The encryption key is public while the decryption key is private. So only the person with the correct decryption key can decipher the encrypted message. Everyone have their own encryption and decryption keys. The keys must be made in such a way that the decryption key may not easily†¦show more content†¦Which is by trying every possible combination. The length of the key determines the strength. DES uses a 64-bit key, but eight of those bits are used for parity checks, effectively limiting the key to 56-bits. So, it would take a maxi mum of 256 or 72,057,594,037,927,936 attempts to find the correct key. In present state, this is not safe because this amount of combination isn’t too high. Even so, up-to 1990’s mid this method was very popular and widely used. In 1998 a computer system broke this security in 56 hours which later reduced in 22 hours. So presently instead of providing compatibility in some instances, reliance on DES is a serious security problem for data confidentiality and should be avoided. As encryption strength is directly proportional to key size and 56-bit key length is not enough for present computing system so in 1997, the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) announced an initiative to choose a successor to DES, in 2001, it selected the Advanced Encryption Standard as a replacement. [1] 2. Triple DSE method was designed to take the place of Data Encryption Standard (DES) algorithm. Triple DES was the recommended standard and vastly used symmetric algorithm in the industry. This system uses three individual keys each having 56-bits. So the total key length becomes 128-bits which is more secured than normal DES system. Although slowly became out of date Triple DES still capable manages to make a dependable hardware encryptionShow MoreRelatedA Research on the Internal Control for Information Security3378 Words   |  13 Pagesï » ¿Internal Control for Information Security PLEASE PUT THE TOPIC DEFINITION STATEMENT HERE AT THE FIRST PAGE PLEASE PUT THE ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY AT THE LAST PAGE BEFORE THE REFERENCE PAGE Introduction Control is a set of mechanism that assists an organization to attain the desired objective. Control is fundamental to achieve organizational goal, and control aligns the aspiration of workforce with their capabilities. On the other hand, internal control for information security is the practice

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Why I Didn t Kill My Wife - 1725 Words

On April 12, 1987, Michael Morton sat down to write a letter. †¨Ã¢â‚¬Å"Your Honor,† he began, â€Å"I’m sure you remember me. I was convicted of murder, in your court, in February of this year.† He wrote each word carefully, sitting cross-legged on the top bunk in his cell at the Wynne prison unit, in Huntsville. â€Å"I have been told that you are to decide if I am ever to see my son, Eric, again. I haven’t seen him since the morning that I was convicted. I miss him terribly and I know that he has been asking about me.† Referring to the declarations of innocence he had made during his trial, he continued, â€Å"I must reiterate my innocence. I did NOT kill my wife. You cannot imagine what it is like to lose your wife the way I did, then to be falsely accused†¦show more content†¦Christine with damp hair, smiling—this was how he wanted to remember her. The last time he had seen her was on the morning of August 13, 1986, the day after his thirty-second birthday. He had glanced at her as she lay in bed, asleep, before he left for work around five-thirty. He returned home that afternoon to find the house cordoned off with yellow crime-scene tape. Six weeks later, he was arrested for her murder. He had no criminal record, no history of violence, and no obvious motive, but the Williamson County Sheriff’s Office, failing to pursue other leads, had zeroed in on him from the start. Although no physical evidence tied him to the crime, he was charged with first-degree murder. Prosecutors argued that he had become so enraged with Christine for not wanting to have sex with him on the night of his birthday that he had bludgeoned her to death. When the guilty verdict was read, Michael’s legs buckled beneath him. District attorney Ken Anderson told reporters afterward, â€Å"Life in prison is a lot better than he deserves.† The conviction had triggered a bitter custody battle between Christine’s family—who, like many people in Michael’s life, came to believe that he was guilty—and Michael’s parents. The question of who would be awarded custody of Eric was to be resolved by state district judge William Lott, who had also presided over Michael’s trial. If Christine’s family won custody, Michael was justifiably concerned that he would never see his son again. TwoShow MoreRelatedI Am Planning On Buying The Xulu Panelbeaters1630 Words   |  7 Pages.. I m planning on buying the Xulu panelbeaters.#10; I want my Valentine. I want to be with her. Nzuzo... is this true? Um... Yes, we love each other. - What do you mean you love each other? - Melusi, I didn t plan any of this. Ever since I came back you call me Melusi and not Baba, because you love him! - We didn t know you d come back. - I m not talking to you! Look, we didn t do this on purpose. We spent a lot of time together after the case... I m talking to my wife! AfterRead MoreSummary : The Night 1499 Words   |  6 Pagesroad. As I was thanking whatever deity let me survive such a traumatic experience the seat belt unbuckles itself. The passenger door swings open, and I jump out of the car planning to say hello the ground by kissing it then realize the sidewalk isn t very clean so I don t. Morgana and I walk up to a house that looks like all the others on this street who could possibly know that one of the most important people in the entire world lives there. Morgana knocks on the door since there isn t a doorbellRead MorePre Crime Is Used For Criminals Based On Foreknowledge Provided By Precogs1153 Words   |  5 PagesImagine being that person. No one wants to go to jail, especially not for a crime they had no intentions of committing. Also this idea can t stop all crimes. That would be impossible. So why should it be okay that only some crimes are able to be prevented and others are not? The answer is that it s not fair. Sometimes lif e isn t fair. However, we shouldn t interfere with people s fate. If something s meant to happen, it should be allowed to happen. Life is supposed to be a continuous cycleRead MoreWilliam Shakespeare s Othello 1593 Words   |  7 PagesKimone Gordon Ms.Milliner EES21QH-09 1/20/17 OTHELLO : grit/mindset â€Å"I do not believe that any writer has ever exposed this bovarysme, the human will to see things as they are not, more clearly than Shakespeare (T.S. Eliot)†. Shakespeare used psychological traits to bring his work to life. in the play Othello uses grit and mindset to show people can be deceiving, untrustworthy, foolish and manipulative. 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Well, I don t know about you, but I m going to get out of this country, if Macbeth is really going to become the king then this country is going down the drain and I don t want to be a part of it; what are you going to do? said Banquo. I honestly don t know, regardless of who the king is, my duty is to be loyal to the end, but I understandRead MoreDon t Tell Your Secrets1374 Words   |  6 PagesHey, I know it hasn t been a while since we talked, but for me it seemed like forever. Just yesterday I sent you messages but you didn t reply, which is odd because you keep telling me that we d only stop talking with each other once were dead. Are you still alive? Just kidding I know you are or else you won t be reading this letter. We ve been friends ever since we are young that s why I know everything about you. Also, you tell me your secrets. Your deepest and darkest secrets. 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The Definition of Euthanasia in Different Perspectives Free Essays

string(111) " the doctor does something o bring about the patient’s death: he \[actively\] kills him† \(1024\)\." Euthanasia is defined by The American Heritage Dictionary as â€Å"the action of killing an individual for reasons considered to be merciful† (469). Here, killing is described as the physical action where one individual actively kills another. Euthanasia is tolerated in the medical field under certain circumstances when a patient is suffering profoundly and death is inevitable. We will write a custom essay sample on The Definition of Euthanasia in Different Perspectives or any similar topic only for you Order Now The word â€Å"euthanasia† comes from the Greek eu, â€Å"good†, and thanatos, â€Å"death,† literally, â€Å"good death†; however, the word â€Å"euthanasia† is much more difficult to define. Each person may define euthanasia differently. Who is to ecide whether a death is good or not? Is any form of death good? All of these questions can be answered differently by each person. It is generally taken today to mean that act which a health care professional carries out to help his/her patient achieve a good death. Suicide, self-deliverance, auto-euthanasia, aid-in-dying, assisted suicide — call it what you like — can be justified by the average supporter of the so-called â€Å"right to die movement† for the following reasons: The first reason is that an advanced terminal illness is causing unbearable suffering to the individual. This uffering is the most common reason to seek an early end. Second, a grave physical handicap exists that is so restricting that the individual cannot, even after due care, counseling, and re-training, tolerate such a limited existence. This handicap is a fairly rare reason for suicide; most impaired people cope remarkably well with their affliction, but there are some who would, at a certain point, rather die. We say that there is a second form of suicide; justifiable suicide, that is a rational and planned self-deliverance from a painful and hopeless disease which will shortly end in death. I do not hink the word â€Å"suicide† sits well in this context but we are stuck with it. Suicide is the taking of one’s own life. Why does the term euthanasia even exist? Is euthanasia not suicide? A differentiation must be made between the two. Suicide is condoned by society as being unacceptable but euthanasia is viewed as moral and acceptable in most instances. The term â€Å"self-deliverance† is difficult to understand because the news media is in love with the words â€Å"doctor-assisted suicide†. This is because the news media is dissecting the notion of whether or not doctors, who are supposed to preserve life, should artake in euthanasia. The media is failing to look at the actual issue of euthanasia, but instead, they are looking at the decision of whether or not doctors should assist in euthanasia. Also, we have to face the fact that the law calls all forms of self-destruction There are ethical guidelines for euthanasia. If the following guidelines are met, then euthanasia is considered acceptable. The person must be a mature adult. This is essential. The exact age will depend on the individual but the person should not be a minor who would come under quite different laws. Secondly, the person must have learly made a considered decision. An individual has the ability now to indicate this with a living will (which applies only to disconnection of life supports) and can also, in today’s more open and tolerant society, freely discuss the option of euthanasia with health-care professionals, family, lawyers, etc. The euthanasia must not be carried out at the first knowledge of a life-threatening illness, and reasonable medical help must have been sought to cure or at least slow down the terminal disease. I do not believe in giving up life the minute a person is informed that he or she has a terminal illness. Life is precious, you only live once, and it is worth a fight. It is when the fight is clearly hopeless and the agony, physical and mental, is unbearable that a final exit is an option. The treating physician must have been informed, asked to be involved, and his or her response been taken into account. The physician’s response will vary depending on the circumstances, of course, but they should advise their patients that a rational suicide is not a crime. It is best to inform the doctor and hear his or her response. For example, the patient might be mistaken. Perhaps the diagnosis has been misheard r misunderstood. Patients raising this subject were met with a discreet silence or meaningless remarks in the past but in today’s more accepting climate most physicians will discuss potential end of life actions. The person must have a Will disposing of his or her This shows evidence of a tidy mind, an orderly life, and forethought, all things which are important to an acceptance of rational suicide. The person must have made plans to die that do not involve others in criminal liability or leave them with guilty feelings. Assistance in suicide is a crime in most places, although he laws are gradually changing, and very few cases ever come before the courts. The only well-known instance of a lawsuit concerning this is the doctor-assisted suicide of Dr. Kevorkian. The person must leave a note saying exactly why he or she is taking their life. This statement in writing removes the chance of misunderstandings or blame. It also demonstrates that the departing person is taking full responsibility for the action. These are all guidelines for allowing a euthanasia to take place. By this, I mean the doctor is involved in the patient’s decision and actively performs the euthanasia. I believe that passive euthanasia would show a lack of interest on the doctor’s part. Simply allowing a patient to die does not require a doctor’s Passive euthanasia should not even exist. Euthanasia is defined as â€Å"the action of killing†¦ † James Rachels states in his â€Å"Active and Passive Euthanasia† that â€Å"The important difference between active and passive euthanasia is that in passive euthanasia, the doctor does not do anything to bring about the patient’s death. The doctor does nothing and the patient dies of whatever ills already afflict him. In active euthanasia, however, the doctor does something o bring about the patient’s death: he [actively] kills him† (1024). You read "The Definition of Euthanasia in Different Perspectives" in category "Essay examples" Is allowing a patient to die considered to be an action? Rachels states â€Å"†¦ the process of being allowed to die can be relatively slow and painful, whereas being given a lethal injection is relatively quick and painless† (1020). Disconnecting respiratory devices is not an acceptable method of euthanasia. It causes the patient to starve for oxygen and gasp for it, but when he/she cannot breathe, the body is starved of oxygen and suffocates. This is not merciful by any means. Rachels also states, â€Å"One reason why so many people think that here is an important moral difference between active and passive euthanasia is that they think killing someone is morally worse than letting someone die† (1022). The idea that a patient utilizes a medical device and has grown dependent on it for life is a grim one indeed; however, relieving a patient who relies on this machine for his/her life by simply cutting it off is not acceptable. Leon Kass states in his â€Å"Why Doctor’s Must Not Kill,† â€Å"Ceasing medical intervention, allowing nature to take its course, differs fundamentally from mercy killing. For one thing, death does not ecessarily follow the discontinuance of treatment† (1034). This states my point exactly. Euthanasia is the physical action of putting someone to a painless death who is suffering tremendously. The passive nature of allowing someone to die is not euthanasia. This is not an physical action taken by a doctor to ease a patient’s suffering and The doctor should decide whether the ailment is curable and if it is not, he/she should decide whether the patient will live productively for months or even years to come. If the ailment is not immediately fatal, will it cause pain and suffering for the rest of he patient’s life? How old is the patient? Will he/she live much longer anyway? All these factors should come into play when deciding whether a patient should be euthanized; however, the doctor’s answers to these questions may differ from those of the patient and his/her family. It is up to the patient’s doctor to decide whether the patient’s ailment is indeed curable. The patient should be presented with the facts. The doctor should tell the patient exactly how it is and not project the false hope that the patient may recover. With this information, the patient can make an informed decision and feel that t is the best one. Sidney Hook states in his â€Å"In Defense of Voluntary Euthanasia† that â€Å"Each one should be permitted to make his own choice- especially when no one else is harmed by it. The responsibility for the decision, whether deemed wise or foolish, must be with the chooser† (1028). This is evidenced quite simply by the mere fact that everyone has civil rights and liberties. No one can decide who should die and who should not. Everyone is in complete control of his/her own life and; therefore, should be free to decide. Having considered the arguments in favor of auto-euthanasia, he person should also contemplate the arguments against it. First, should the person go into a hospice program instead and receive not only first-class pain management but comfort care and personal attention? Put simply, hospices make the best of a bad job, and they do so with great skill and love. The right-to-die movement supports their work, but not everyone wants a lingering death, not everyone wants that form of care. Today many terminally ill people take the marvelous benefits of home hospice programs and still accelerate the end when suffering becomes too much. A few hospice leaders claim that heir care is so perfect that there is absolutely no need for anyone to consider euthanasia. While I have no wish to criticize them, they are wrong to claim perfection. Most, but not all, terminal pain can today be controlled with the sophisticated use of drugs, but the point these leaders miss is that personal quality of one’s live is foremost to some people. If one’s body has been so destroyed by disease that it is not worth living, that is an intensely individual decision which should not be swayed. In some cases of the final days in hospice care, when the pain is very serious, the patient is drugged nto unconsciousness. If that way is acceptable to the patient, then so be it, but some people do not wish their final hours to be in that fashion. There should be no conflict between hospice and euthanasia, both are valid options in a caring society. Both are appropriate to different people with differing values. The other consideration is related to religion: does suffering glorify a person? Is suffering, as related to Jesus Christ’s suffering on the cross, a part of the preparation for meeting God? Are you merely a steward of your life, which is a gift from God, which only He may take away. If your answers to these questions is yes, then you should not be involved in any form of euthanasia. Remember that there are millions of atheists, as well as people of differing religions, and they all have rights, too. Many Christians who believe in euthanasia justify it by reasoning that the God whom they worship is loving and tolerant, and would not wish to see them in agony. They do not see their God as being so vengeful as refusing them the Kingdom of Heaven if they accelerated the end of their life to avoid prolonged, unbearable suffering. A doctor should not be allowed to â€Å"play God† and ecide who should live and who should die. In fact, even the patient should not be allowed to, but it is the patient’s life and he/she has to live it. So, it is only logical to allow the patient, and no one Another consideration must be that, by ending one’s life before its natural end, is one is depriving oneself of a valuable period of good life? Is that last period of love and companionship with family and friends worth hanging on for? Even the most determined supporters of euthanasia hang on until the last minute; sometimes too long, and lose control. They, too, gather with their families and riends to say goodbyes. There are important reunions and often farewell parties. Euthanasia supporters enjoy life and love living, and their respect for the sanctity of life is as strong as anybody’s. Yet they are willing, if their dying is distressing to them, to give up a few weeks or a few days at the very end and leave under their own control. Ultimately, the decision lies with the beholder. It is the right of a person to make his/her own choice, with some limitations. It is the doctor’s responsibility to provide the patient with an accurate prognosis so that the patient may make an educated decision. How to cite The Definition of Euthanasia in Different Perspectives, Essay examples

Friday, April 24, 2020

WORLD WAR I AND MODERNISM an Example of the Topic History Essays by

WORLD WAR I AND MODERNISM Paul Fussell, author, social critic, historian and a noted University of Pennsylvania Professor of English literature, believes that the World War I was the chief instrument that changed the approach of British literature. His belief was that the war motivated the writers to indulge in creating characters that are fundamentally modern' and their presence changed the basic structure of the literature and British literature lost its innocence. Fussell also suggested that traditional themes were reconstructed and the language of literature also changed along with the themes involved. (Lamb, 227-8) In a way these statements are true and if Hemingway's The Sun Also Rises is taken into consideration then there would be enough evidence to support Fussell's belief. Regina Sweeney's essay La Padique Anastasie: Wartime Censorship and French Bourgeois Mortality published in Douglas Peter Mackaman's World War I and the Cultures of Modernity also supports the fact that the First World War indeed had a profound influence on the modern society. But before we indulge into discussion and analysis it would be relevant to enumerate the variables of modernism or modern society or culture. Need essay sample on "WORLD WAR I AND MODERNISM" topic? We will write a custom essay sample specifically for you Proceed The most distinctive features of Modernism could be enumerated as Universality, development of Political thought, advent of technology and science, different inventions, approach towards Arts, literature, Specified Cultures, distinctive warfare and industry. There are several social and economic factors that make the Modern society different from the Pre Modern Society. These social and economic factors are development of concepts like secularization, decontextualization, totalitarianism, mechanization, democratization, centralization, hierarchical organization, individualism, linear progression, homogenization, diversification, , hybridization, unification, industrial society, reductionism, , universalism, subjectivism, alienation, rationalization, and bureaucracy making the Modernism a complex and intricate civilization and the First World War accelerated the basic norms of this society and developed concepts that could well be termed as cultural revolution. (Fletcher, 118) Another distinctive feature of Modernism is that during the modern era the advent of capital as a means of power came into existence. Previously this place was occupied by land in general. Alongside the advent of capital one of the most interesting feature that came into existence was the high volume of goods movement at a given state of time. In the Pre modern Society this phenomenon was unimaginable and Modern society only made it possible with help of capital and industrialization. Thus a drift from the old society was already in action when the First World War took place. (Fletcher, 299-302) The First World War ended in a period of history that was a time when the world was going through a difficult phase after the horrors of the war. It could be mentioned in the initial stages that it was degeneration time. Imperialism had taken its tolls on the world, which was grilling on the last fires of the World War. The losses were too heavy, and the shocks, almost unbearable. People just lived through a test of the extent organized cruelty and purposeful ruthlessness could reach. As far as the future was concerned, the initial tremors of what would lead to a massive cross across the globe were being felt. In this context it would be relevant to mention that the generation was not finding their existence worth while or in other words they wanted more out of their life for they hardly knew what to believe. They were not able to keep complete faith in religion and neither could they abandon it completely. The pre-war literature like Bram Stoker's Dracula or the detective stories by Arthur Conan Doyle indicates a gothic touch with the aspects of fantasy but the post war works like James Joyce's Ulysses and Hemmingway's The Sun Also Rises presents a whole new world of realism and hard truths about life. The pre war period saw the literary works to be more poetic and romantic in nature and in these texts death was glorified and valor was the fundamental theme. But authors like Joyce and Hemmingway showed in their texts the harsh nature of the world where survival holds the only truth and it was essential to survive and there is no heroism in surviving. They showed that the truth was no longer a romantic affair but it was more of a compulsion for which even lies would work well if that helps in survival. (Fletcher, 344) It was also a regeneration time. Ideological conflicts and military interests were shaking civilization right up to its foundations. The doubts, dilemmas and confusions were gradually, quite slowly indeed, giving way to a new and unique cultural revolution. It was happening all across the Western world. People suddenly seemed to realize that there was enough of political warfare to disgrace humanity. The prevailing standards suddenly seemed to be meaningless, and the insurgent youths wanted something different to happen. This difference was provided by authors like Hemingway. The author's The Sun Also Rises presented exactly what the youth wanted and could be able to identify. This drift of culture is well noted in Regina Sweeney's essay La Padique Anastasie: Wartime Censorship and French Bourgeois Mortality. This essay indicates the development of censorship that was implied on the civilians but the truth of the war was always evident to the soldiers in the war (Mackaman, 7). At the end of the war these experiences were published through the eyes of the soldiers and Hemmingway being a war veteran knew it all and there is no doubt the experience as a soldier and the harsh truth of the war shaped the cultural formulation of Hemmingway and compelled him to pen novels that show the realities of life. In a way his writings become aligned with the thesis laid down by Fussell and Mackaman in the context of literature. It could well be stated that Sweeney's essay in Mackaman's compilation indicates every possible notion of the changing cultural world that ultimately changed the face of literature. This text is a unification of interpretations about the era of the First World War and Sweeney delivers the fundamentals that affected the nations and the shape of the modernization. In this essay it is clear that there were mass discontent among the civilians and they tried to take every opportunity to show their distrust in the authorities no matter how much the state tried to tone down the social and intellectual disgruntlement. Sweeney's essay indicates that this was the vintage point that set the basics of modernism that would ultimately come to age at the end of the war. (Mackaman, 6) Hemmingway's The Sun Also Rises deals with the aspects of values that are buried under the harsh realities of surviving and indicates towards the inability to express emotions in a proper and conventional manner. This novel actually serves as a metaphor that signifies the loss of human values and emotions due to the ruthless nature of the war that was also instrumental in suppressing optimism it its core. It is true that war hardly appears as subject in the novel but the affects can be seen in form of Jake's sexual impotency. (Hemmingway, 356-7) The other characters like Robert Cohn, Michael Campbell and Bill Gorton are found to be juxtaposed in alcoholism and boredom and enthusiasm. Where as character like Brett Ashley appears to be only a subject of lust. It appears to the reader that the generation has almost perished and there were little hope to live with. This hopelessness and the lack of faith and morality emerges as one of the most striking feature of the post war literature and a direct contrast to its pre war counterparts and it can be certainly stated that the First World War was the major influence of this literary transformation. In conclusion it could be stated that the thesis put forward by Paul Fussell and Douglas Peter Mackaman holds sustainable ground and it is true that the Great War indeed was instrumental in shaping the face of modernism. However, it should also be mentioned that the aspects of modernism was already on its way from the time of industrial revolution and birth of capitalism with the assistance of better education and communication means. These aspects were influencing the society and its culture and modernism was on its way but the circumstances of the First World War changed the acceleration of this change and formulated a rapid and revolutionize transfiguration. Indeed, as suggested by Fussell and Mackaman, the First World War transformed literature but the change was already on its way and it was inevitable and the War only accelerated this alteration. References: Lamb, D (ed); Fussell, Paul; The Great War and Modern Memory; Wilber's Selected Political Texts; Bloemfontein: ABP Ltd; 2006 Fletcher, Robert. Cultural Conflicts: Beliefs and Knowledge; Believing and Knowing. Christchurch: Howard & Price. 2006 Mackaman, Douglas Peter (ed.); Sweeney, Regina; La Padique Anastasie: Wartime Censorship and French Bourgeois Mortality; World War I and the Cultures of Modernity; Mississippi: University Press of Mississippi; July 2000 Hemmingway, E; Complete Works of Hemmingway; Vol. IV; Canberra: Alliance Publications; 2005